What is the E1 area?
E1, or “East 1” is a plan, formed in the early 1990s, to build a new Israeli neighborhood near the settlement of Ma’ale Adumim. Construction of E1 would cut off the narrow land corridor east of Jerusalem, which offers a connection between the northern and southern West Bank. If E1 were to be implemented, it would prove to cut the West Bank into two parts ending the possibility for a contiguous Palestinian state and sever access to East Jerusalem for Palestinians in the West Bank. As a result, construction of E1 would jeopardize the hopes of a two-state solution.
Although the E1 plan has not been implemented, the issue again came to the forefront at the end of 2012. Following the UN vote to grant Palestine observer status, Prime Minister Netanyahu announced his intention to go ahead with the E1 plan.
The prospect of E1 and the expansion of the Ma’ale Adumim settlement have severe humanitarian implications to the 2,300 bedouin living in the area, who face demolition, displacement, and the inability to access basic resources.
Need more information? Here’s our roundup of the best resources on E1 and the humanitarian situation of the bedouin in the Jerusalem periphery:
- Peace Now on the E1 area (2005)
- B’tselem on the human rights ramifications of E1 (2012)
- Map of the E1 area from OCHA’s Jerusalem fact sheet (December 2012)
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Bedouin Fact Sheet
- UNRWA’s fact sheet on the Jahalin bedouin in the Jerusalem periphery
- The Jahalin Association’s information and their video Nowhere left to Go